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Is it Live, or Is it Memorex? Limits to the Simulation of Human Intelligence

Paul Blair

Presented at: TOC 1993

Date: Oct 29, 1993

In 1958, Herbert Simon and Allen Newell, two of the founders of the field of research that has come to be called “artificial intelligence,” wrote the following: 

Intuition, insight, and learning are no longer exclusive possessions of humans: any large high-speed computer can be programmed to exhibit them also ... there are now in the world machines that think, that learn and that create. Moreover, their ability to do these things is going to increase rapidly until — in a visible future — the range of problems they can handle will be coextensive with the range to which the human mind has been applied. 

We are now just over thirty-five years into that visible future. Many of us own computers whose power far exceeds that of the most powerful machines available in 1958.3 Yet computers have not become philosophers, artists, scientists, legal scholars or politicians. 


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