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The Spirit of Francisco

Shoshana Milgram

Presented at: IRM 2000

Date: Jul 02, 2000

"Francisco, more than anyone else," commented Ayn Rand in 1961, "seems to have been Minerva in my mind-he came in ready-made." Her journals on Atlas Shrugged contain few notes on his role in the novel, yet he is perhaps her most vivid fictional characterization. Francisco d'Anconia––a key link between Atlantis and the outside world––epitomizes relentless ambition, elegant self-confidence, and radiant joy. This lecture, which draws on Ayn Rand's hand-edited manuscripts, contrasts her revisions in refining this "ready-made" character, with the changes she made in developing characters (such as Rearden or Roark) for whom she had prepared extensive notes.


Parts: 1

Handout: none


  • e-Store, 2012 (En) - 82 mins
  • CD, 2007 (En) - 82 mins - 2 CD set